India-Denmark Green Strategic Partnership and its Bilateral Challenges and Avenues

Updated: May 26

Mahak Gupta,

Research Intern,

Internationalism Research.

In September 2020, India and Denmark with the aim to expand their cooperation and elevate their ties signed a “Green Strategic Partnership”. This would cover the areas of environment, renewable energy, economy, science and technology and climate change. An hour-long bilateral summit which was held between Mr Narendra Modi, our Prime Minister along with Mette Frederiksen, his Danish Counterpart, came to this conclusion. They also gave a thought upon the India-EU agreement which has been pending for a long time and the effect on the global supply chain due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This new age partnership came up as a conclusion of the talks on the issue of Purulia arms case and the extradition of Kim Davy for trial, where the concerned officials would resort to an early resolution of the matter. All this would result in a new dimension of our bilateral relations, green growth, addressing global challenges to strengthen cooperation and increased area of understanding on the goals of climate change and its implementation. As the country has been long dependent on a single source for global supply chain and the risk has further increased due to the pandemic it would be very essential for us together working with Australia and Japan for supply-chain diversification and resilience. The Prime Minister said that we have come to realise in the past few months that it is very necessary to work in cooperation with like-minded countries sharing transparent, rules-based, Democratic and humanitarian value-system which would also help in vaccine development for facing this pandemic.

What is the Green Strategic Partnership?

A mutually beneficial arrangement for achieving the goals of political cooperation, expanding green growth along with the economic relations, strengthening cooperation and creating jobs is the green strategic partnership. It also aims at addressing the challenges faced globally and the opportunities for growth with an ambition to implement the UN Sustainable Development Goals and also the Paris agreement.

It would be built on a Joint Commission already in existence, for Cooperation created in the year 2009 for matters on economics, politics, commerce, energy, education, science and technology, and environment. It will also work alongside the joint working groups already in existence on urban development, renewable energy, innovation, agriculture, and digitisation, shipping and labour movement. This partnership would expand the existing technologies and lead to various joint ventures. Specific targets have been created and these would be achieved with a time-bound action plan for the next few years. India has been offered help from Danish companies with technologies that are exceptional and excellent in meeting its air pollution control targets, including the long-drawn problem of stubble burning. Regular consultations on renewable energy and climate change, water efficiency and its loss with seeking the help of the Ministry of Jal Shakti and the Environmental Protection Agency of their country and Danish environment ministry will be held to develop a scheme and a plan to work for 2021-23.

Key features of the Statement

Climate Change and Energy

Green energy transition and climate change have been the top priority. Some of the commitments include:

  • For capacity building, the India-Denmark Energy Partnership (INDEP);

  • technology transfer and sharing of knowledge on wind energy;

  • for renewable energy and offshore wind, the Strategic Sector Cooperation will be created;

  • integration of renewable energy and modelling of energy.

These are created to address global problems and pave a way towards sustainable development, energy transition and green growth. They have agreed to be on the forefront, for a fight against the global issue of climate change.

Circular Economy and the Environment including water resource

The agreement which is between governments already on circular economy and the environment has decided to be strengthened and expanded. In the areas of non-revenue water and water efficiency, the countries agreed to cooperate further. For this purpose as already discussed above the three ministries of both the countries together would develop an initial plan of action for three years i.e. 2021-2023.

Smart city plan and Sustainable Development for urban areas

An urban living lab would be established in Goa as agreed between the countries. This would strengthen the bilateral relationship in the areas of development of the urban areas with special focus on the smart city scheme. City to city cooperation existing